Impress your friends, dominate your local pub quiz, or be your own commentator at your watch party this year!
(40 nations, one more than 2021 following Armenia and Montenegro’s return and the absence of Russia):
Female Only (15): Albania, Armenia, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Sweden
only male (11): Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Estonia, Germany, Israel, Poland, Romania, San Marino, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Duos (2): Austria, Italy
Groups and Collaborations (12): Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Iceland, Latvia, Moldova, Norway, Slovenia, Ukraine
National Final (26): Albania, Australia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy*, Latvia, Lithuania, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine**
* – The winner of Italy’s Sanremo Festival is given first right of refusal for the ticket to Eurovision. This year, the winner accepted the invitation.
** – The original winner of the Ukrainian National Final with drew her candidacy after her win at Vidbir. After some deliberation, runners-up and public-vote winners Kalush Orchestra were granted the ticket to Turin.
Partial National Final (Public artist selection, internal song selection) (1): Malta
Internal Selection (12): Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Montenegro, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom
other (1): Moldova***
*** – Auditions were publicly aired, but the country’s entry for Eurovision was internally selected by a jury panel.
Español (25): Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Latvia, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Single Language, not in English (8): France, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Slovenia, Ukraine
multilingual (6): Albania, Cyprus, Moldova, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Spain
Fun fact: For the first time in Eurovision history, no song will be performed in French this year.
Armenia: Rosa Linn’s real name is Roza Kostandyan.
Australia: Sheldon Riley’s full name is Sheldon Riley Hernandez.
Austria: Lumix’s real name is Luca Michlmayr, and Pia Maria’s full name is Pia Maria Außerlechner.
Cyprus: Andromache’s full name is Andromache Dimitropoulou.
Estonia: Stefan’s full name is Stefan Airapetjan.
France: Alvan’s real name is Alexis Morvan-Rosius.
Greece: Amanda Georgiadi Tenfjord’s birth name is simply Amanda Klara Georgiadis, but she adopted the name Tenfjord to honor the town of Tennfjord, where she spent most of her childhood.
Ireland: Brooke’s full name is Brooke Scullion.
Italy: Blanco’s real name is Riccardo Fabbriconi, and Mahmood’s full name is Alessandro Mahmoud.
Lithuanian: Monika Liu’s full name is Monika Liubinaitė.
Montenegrin: Vladana’s full name is Vladana Vučinić.
The Netherlands: S10’s real name is Stien den Hollander. When pronounced in Dutch, “S10” is a homophone for her name de ella.
North Macedonia: Andrea’s full name is Andrea Koevska.
Poland: Ochman’s full name is Krystian Ochman.
Portugal: Maro’s full name is Mariana Brito da Cruz Forjaz Secca.
Romanian: WRS’s real name is Andrei-Ionuț Ursu.
San Marino: Achille Lauro’s real name is Lauro De Marinis.
Serbian: Konstrakta’s real name is Ana Đurić.
Spain: Chanel’s full name is Chanel Terrero Martínez.
Sweden: Cornelia Jakobs’ full name is Anna Cornelia Jakobsdotter Samuelsson.
Switzerland: Marius Bear’s real name is Marius Hügli.
United Kingdom: Sam Ryder’s full name is Sam Ryder Robinson.
Armenia: Rosa Linn is written as ���������� in Armenian script, while her full name, Roza Kostandyan, is written as ������������������.
Azerbaijan: If written using the proper Azerbaijani way, Nadir Rustamli’s name would be written Nadir Rüstəmli.
Cyprus: Andromache’s name is written as Ανδρομάχη in Greek (Ανδρομάχη Δημητροπούλου if you’re using her full name.)
Georgia: To write “Circus Mircus” in Georgian, you’d write “ცირკუს მირკუსი”.
Greece: Amanda Georgiadis Tenfjord is written as “Αμάντα Γεωργιάδη Τένφγιορντ” in the Greek alphabet.
Israel: In Hebrew, Michael Ben David would be written as “מיכאל בן דוד”.
Montenegrin: Using Montenegrin Cyrillic, Vladana Vučinić would be written as “Владана Вучинић”.
North Macedonia: Andrea Koevska would be written “Андреа Коевска” using Macedonian Cyrillic.
Serbian: If you wanted to write “Konstrakta” in Serbian Cyrillic, you’d write “Констракта”.
Ukraine: The name “Kalush Orchestra” is normally stylized using the Roman alphabet, but it would be written as Калуш Оркестра if written using the Ukrainian Alphabet.
Albanian: The original version of secret underwent a revamp to get it ready for Eurovision. The song was shortened to the Contest’s maximum regulation length of three minutes, lyrics in English and Spanish were added, and some production was tweaked.
Czech Republic: Between the Czech National Final and the release of the official video for lights off, the song underwent some minor edits.
Iceland: Með Hækkandi Sól didn’t go through any changes, but the name of the group performing it did! The trio formerly known as “Sigga, Beta & Elín” are now known simply as “Systur”, Icelandic for “sisters”. They’ve also released music under the name “Tripolia”.
Israel: With the official video release of IM came a revamp of the song, as well.
Italy: At 3:19, the original version of Brividi was slightly too long for Eurovision.
latvia: A mild bit of editing had to be worked into Eat Your Salad in order to avoid some saucy language.
malt: Soon after Emma Muscat’s National Final win with the song out-of-sightthe Maltese delegation opted to change their song to I Am What I Am.
moldova: A slight revamp in arrangement and instrumentation was applied to Trenulețul, and a few more lines in English were added, as well.
Romanian: WRS’s Call me was slightly rearranged prior to taking the stage in Turin.
United Kingdom: The original version of space man was 3:37, so it had to be trimmed to 3:00 to comply with the EBU’s rules.
(Links have been provided if available from a national broadcaster or official artist page.)
Lead singer Ronnie Romero was born in Santiago, Chile.
Andromache was born in Siegen, Germany, and raised in Greece.
Guitarist Casper Hatlestad and keyboardist Benjamin Rekstad are both from Norway, and the band was formed in Leeds, United Kingdom.
Guitarist Agnes Roslund and bassist Ida Bergkvist are both from Sweden.
Amanda Georgiadis Tenfjord was born in Ålesund, Norway, but moved between Norway and Greece throughout her childhood.
Brooke Scullion is from Bellaghy, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
Lead singer Roman Iagupov was born in Volgograd, Russia.
Keith and Jim of Subwoofer were born on the Moon.
Ochman was born in Melrose, Massachusetts, USA (near Boston) and raised in Rockville, Maryland, near Washington, DC. I have relocated to Poland after high school.
Achille Lauro was born in Verona, Italy, and grew up in Rome.
Chanel was born in Havana, Cuba, but moved to Spain at a young age.
Italian DJ and producer Gabry Ponte is best known as a member of dance group Eiffel 65.
Sophie Alexandra Tweed-Simmons, a singer and songwriter in her own right, is the daughter of Kiss frontman Gene Simmons. Sophie appeared with her family de ella on the reality TV show Gene Simmons Family Jewels from 2006 through 2012.
Anderz Wrethov was also one of the songwriters behind Alwaysthe Azerbaijani entry at Eurovision 2009, Too Late For Lovewhich represented Sweden in 2019, and Voices, the Swedish entry last year. Andreas Stone Johanson was also part of the team for Too Late for Love. Thomas Stegaard has written many Eurovision entries over the years, including Denmark’s winning 2013 entry Only TeardropsGermany’s You Let Me Walk Aloneand Sisterand both San Marino’s Adrenalinand Cyprus’s The devil last year.
Alex Papaconstantinou, also known as Alex P. has been a familiar name in Eurovision songwriting circles for quite a while. I have contributed to Greece’s 2007 entry, Yassou Maria2009’s Always for Azerbaijan, and Cypriot songs La La Love, Fireand Replay. Giorgos Papadopoulos has previously been involved in the songwriting for a number of Greek Eurovision entries, such as 2009’s This Is Our Night2012’s Aphrodisiacand 2021’s Last Dance. Victor Svenson was part of the songwriting team for a number of Cypriot Eurovision songs, including 2012’s La La Love2018’s Fireand 2019’s Replay. Robert Uhlman was also involved in the songwriting for 2009’s Azerbaijani entry Always.
Lars “boss 1” Pedersen had a hand in previous Danish entries Stemmen I Mit Liv, Should’ve Known Betterand The Way You Are.
Remee Jackman, best known as Remeecontributed to 2008’s German entry, disappearas well as Danish songs Should’ve Known Better and The Way You Are. He also co-hosted the inaugural Junior Eurovision Song Contest in 2003.
Desmond Child is the writer of global megahits like Ricky Martin’s Livin’ the crazy lifeBon Jovi’s Livin’ on a Prayerand Aerosmith’s Crazy, among many others. Closer to Eurovision, he also wrote Bonnie Tyler’s believe in me. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2008.
Lay Low (born Lovísa Elísabet Sigrúnardóttir) has been active on the Icelandic scene since 2006. She’s toured globally, often supporting other Icelandic acts like Emiliana Torrini and Of Monsters and Men, and has also played at the Glastonbury Festival.
including breathe, Darko Dimitrov You have written a total of eight Eurovision songs for four countries. For North Macedonia, I have contributed to 2006’s Ninanajna2013’s Pred Da Se Razdeni2014’s to the sky2018’s Lost and Found, and 2019’s proud. Also in 2019, he wrote KrunaforSerbia. In 2020, he was on the team for Albania’s Fall from the Skyas well.
songwriter Aleksandar Masevsky was a backing singer behind the late Toše Proeski in 2004 for the song Life, where he sang alongside two-time North Macedonian representative Tamara Todevska. He was also part of the songwriting team behind North Macedonian Junior Eurovision entries Love Will Lead Our Way and Dancing Through Life from 2016 and 2017, respectively.
River marks the sixth Eurovision song for Ashley Hicklinwho also contributed to Belgium’s Me and My Guitar (2010) and mother(2014), Lithuania’s Run with the Lions (2019), Spain’s Universe(2020), and Austria’s Amen(2021).
Leroy Sanchez was one of the songwriters behind I’m going to staySpain’s entry for 2021.